This page provides information and links to a variety of resources useful to you in establishing environmental health and safety management systems.
This includes information on the following topics:
- Environmental Management System Standards
- Occupational Health and Safety Management System Standards
- Understanding Management System Certification
- Identifying Applicable Legal Requirements and Compliance Obligations
- Implementing an Internal Audit Program
Environmental Management System Standards
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) formed Technical Committee (TC) 207 in 1993. This committee is tasked with “standardization in the field of environmental management systems and tools in support of sustainable development.”
TC 207 has produced over 30 standards and guidance documents dealing with environmental issues.
This includes the ISO 14001 standard which specifies the requirements for an environmental management system that an organization can use to enhance its environmental performance.
Occupational Health and Safety Management System Standards
There are a many different OH&S management system standards in use around the world. The last survey of OHS&S standards and certifications conducted by BSI identified over 30 different standards in use.
The OHSMS standard that is used the most for third-party certification is OHSAS 18001:2007.
ANSI/AIHA Z10, Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems, is a standard developed in the United States through the standard setting process of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).
ISO is currently in the process of developing an OH&S management system standard – ISO 45001. This standard has not yet been published – it is currently scheduled for publication in late 2017. For more information about this standard development effort, check out the ISO 45001 page on the AIHA website.
If you would like more information about developing, implementing and maintaining occupational health and safety management systems, check out the OHSAS 18001 Expert website.
Understanding Management System Certification
The primary use of ISO management system standards is to support third-party certification.
For more information about third-party certification, click here.
Identifying Applicable Legal Requirements and Compliance Obligations
An important part of implementing an environmental or OH&S management system is identifying your compliance obligations (applicable legal and other requirements).
Environmental and occupational health and safety laws and regulations are numerous, complex and often confusing. There are literally thousands of environmental safety and health laws and regulations developed and administered by a confusing array of national, state and local governmental agencies – both in the United States and abroad. In addition, there are hundreds of consensus standards and other directives that may be considered “other requirements” for purposes of conforming with management system standards.
For more information on the four steps to identifying your applicable compliance obligations, click here.
Implementing an Internal Audit Program
The ISO management system standards, including ISO 14001, require that organizations implement effective internal audit programs. These internal audit programs need to have appropriate audit procedures. These procedures need to address selecting competent auditors, communicating audit results and ensuring that audits are conducted on an appropriate schedule.
For more information about setting up a management system audit program, check out the www.ISO19011expert.com website.
The primary resource of establishing a management system audit program is ISO 19011:2011, Guidelines for management system auditing. This standard is currently in the process of being revised. For more information about the revision of this standard, click here.